FCI - Standard Nr. 183 / 18.
Mrs C. Seidler
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN:
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 06.03.07.
and Companion Dog
: Group 2
Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds -
Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
Section 1 Pinscher and Schnauzer type.
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY :
turn of the century a dwarf Schnauzer from the Frankfurt/Main area went
on his way, then still described as a rough haired Zwergpinscher
(Miniature Pinscher). Due to the different shapes, sizes and types and
the muddle of harsh,
soft and silky coat textures, it was no easy task to evolve a small dog
with the appearance
and the characteristic qualities of his bigger brother, the Schnauzer.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Small, strong, stocky
rather than slim, rough coated, elegant.
A reduced image of the Schnauzer without the drawback of a dwarfed
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
Square build in which
the height at the withers is nearly equal to the body length.
The length of the head (measured from the
tip of the nose to the occiput) corresponds
to half the length of the topline (measured from the withers to the set
on of the tail).
His nature is similar to that of the Schnauzer and is determined by the
temperament and the
behaviour of a small dog. Intelligence, fearlessness, endurance and
alertness make the
Miniature Schnauzer an agreeable house dog as well as a watch and
companion dog which
can be kept even in a small appartment without problems.
: Strong, long without markedly protruding occiput.
The head should be in keeping with the dog’s force.
The forehead is flat, without wrinkles and parallel to the bridge of
Stop: Appears well defined due to the
: Well developed nose leather, always black.
: Ending in a blunt wedge. Bridge of nose straight.
Lips : Black, smoot and
tight-fitting to the jaws. Corners of lips closed.
: Strong upper and lower jaw.
The complete scissor bite (42 pure white teeth according to the
dentition formula), is strongly developed and firmly closing. The
chewing muscles are strongly developed but the cheeks must
not interfere with the reactangular shape of the head (with the beard).
Eyes: Medium sized, oval, facing
foreward, dark with lively expression. Eyelids close fitting.
: Drop ears, set high, V-shaped with inner edges lying close to the
cheeks, evenly carried , turned forward towards temples. Folds
parallel, should not be above the top of the skull.
The strong, muscular neck is nobly arched, blending smoothly into the
Strongly set on, slim, nobly curved, corresponding to the dog’s force.
Throat skin tight-fitting without folds.
Topline : Slightly sloping from
withers towards rear.
Withers: Forming the highest point in
topline. Back: Strong, short and
Loins : Short, strong and deep. The distance from the last rib to
the hip is short to make
the dog appear compact.
Croup : Slightly rounded and imperceptibly blending into tail set
Chest : Moderately broad, oval in diameter, reaching to the elbows.
The forechest is distinctly marked by the point of the
Underline and belly : Flanks not too tucked up, forming a well
curved line with the underside
of the ribcage.
TAIL : Natural; a sabre or sickle carriage is sought after.
FOREQUARTERS : Seen from the front, the front
legs are strong, straight and not close together.
Seen from the side, the forearms are straight.
Shoulders: The shoulder blade lies close against the rib cage
and is well muscled on both sides
of the shoulder bone, protruding over the points of the thoracic
As sloping as possible and well laid back, forming an angle of appr. 50°
to the horizontal.
Upper arm: Lying close to the body, strong and well muscled, forming
an angle of 95° to 105°
to the shoulder blade.
Elbows: Close fitting, turning neither in nor out.
Forearm : Viewed from all sides, completely straight, strongly
developed and well muscled.
Carpal joint: Strong, firm, barely standing out against the
structure of the forearm.
Pastern : Seen from the front, vertical. Seen from the side slightly
sloping towards the ground,
strong and slightly springy.
Forefeet : Short and round. Toes well-knit and arched (cat foot)
with short dark nails and
HINDQUARTERS : Standing obliquely when seen from the side,
standing parallel but not
close together when seen from the rear.
Upper thigh : Moderately long, broad and strongly muscled.
Stifle :Turning neither in nor out.
Lower thigh : Long, strong and sinewy, running into a strong hock.
Hock : Very well angulated, strong, firm, turning neither in nor
Metatarsus : Short, vertical to the ground.
Hind feet : Toes short, arched and well-knit. Nails short and black.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: Flexible, elegant, agile, free and ground covering.
The forelegs swinging as far forward as possible, the hind legs, ground
covering and springy,
provide the necessary drive.
The front leg of one side and the hind leg of the other side move
forward at the same time.
The back, the ligaments and the joints are firm.
Tight fitting over the whole body.
HAIR : The coat should be wiry, harsh and dense.
It consists of a dense undercoat and a not too short top coat,
lying close to the body.
The top coat is rough and sufficiently long to allow the checking
of its texture;
it is neither bristly nor wavy.
The hair on the limbs tends to be less harsh. Coat short on forehead and
Typical characteristics are the not too soft beard on the muzzle and the
bushy eyebrows which
slightly shade the eyes.
Pure black with black undercoat
Pepper and Salt
Pure white with white undercoat.
When breeding Pepper and Salt, the aim is a medium shading with evenly
well pigmented, pepper colouring and grey undercoat.
The shades from dark iron grey to silver grey are all permitted.
In all colour variations there must be a dark mask, which should adapt
to the respective colour.
Distinct light markings on head, chest and limbs are undesirable.
For the Black/Silver colour, the aim in breeding is a black top coat
with black undercoat,
white markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, at the beard, at the throat,
in two divided
triangles at the front of the chest, on the front pasterns, on the feet,
on the inside of the
hind legs and around the anus.
The forehead, the neck and the outer sides of the ears should be black
like the top coat.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Height at withers
Dogs and bitches between 30 and 35 cm.
Dogs and bitches approximately 4 to 8 kg.
FAULTS : Any
departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the
seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact
proportion to its degree.
Heavy or round skull.
Wrinkles on forehead.
Short, pointed or narrow muzzle.
Strongly protruding cheeks or cheekbones.
Light, too large or round eyes.
Low set, too long or unevenly carried ears.
Dewlap, narrow crest or neck.
Too long, tucked up or soft back.
Croup falling away.
Tail set inclined towards head.
Too short, too long, soft, wavy, shaggy, silky coat.
A black trace on the back or a black saddle.
In Black/Silver not clearly separated triangles on
Over- or undersize up to 1 cm.
Clumsy or light build. Too low or too high on leg.
Inverse sexual type (e.g. doggy bitch).
Elbows turning out.
Straight or open hocked hindlegs.
Lower thigh too long.
Hocks turning inwards.
Rear pastern too short.
White or spotted coat in black or pepper and salt
Patchy coat in the colours black/silver and white.
Over- or undersize by more than 1 cm but less than
Shy, aggressive, vicious, exaggeratedly suspicious
or nervous behaviour.
Malformation of any kind.
Lack of breed type.
Faulty mouth, such as over- or undershot or wry
Severe faults in individual parts, such as faults
in construction, coat and colour.
Over- or undersize by more than 2 cm.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum.